Better Pest Control with Integrated Pest Management
Back in the day, it used to be that you called the exterminator and they’d come by and remove whatever pest or nuisance animal was causing problems. This involved simple steps, such as pesticides and traps. Prevention aimed toward the future might have involved closing a single entrance the animal used. It wasn’t complex. It took advantage of what specialists knew at the time, but we know so much more now. Integrated Pest Management, or IPM, is a better pest control system that tackles more than just removal.
Knowledge Enables Better Pest Control
Today, we understand how pests and nuisance animals operate within their ecosystems. We understand their breeding seasons, their familial structures, the animal behavior that drives them this way or that way. We know how the introduction of people into those ecosystems changes this behavior.
We also understand the impacts of certain things like pesticides. Once, they were used indiscriminately. Now pest control companies know this can be harmful to people and pets. They still have a use, but much more selectively and with safety foremost in mind.
What is Integrated Pest Management?
IPM is a better pest control system because it puts the focus on long-term prevention of pests. This often involves subtle adjustments to their environment and ecosystem. It’s important not to introduce invasive species or drastically change an ecosystem, so IPM focuses on solutions that are based on behavior and natural solutions.
Keeping a healthier garden can deter some pests. Leaving a dry barrier of a few inches between any mulch or ground cover and the home’s foundation can create an area many pests are unwilling to cross. Moving trash bins away from the side of the house – even by a few yards – can significantly decrease your risk of pests such as roaches.
The Components of IPM
These are just a few examples. The answer to, “What is Integrated Pest Management?” can be broken into four component parts. IPM can involve:
Biological Solutions – the classic (if overstated) example is introducing ladybugs to hunt plant-destroying aphids. Selective planting of plants that can deter specific pests from an area is one of many other options.
Habitual Solutions – changing how and when an area is watered or fertilized can influence pest attraction. This is about adapting your habits in easy ways to better influence the environment.
Physical Solutions – includes direct removal, such as traps. It includes sealing entries. Mulch and other material that changes the nature of the environment also falls under this category.
Chemical Control – this is used very selectively, and only in ways that are safe for families, pets, households, and businesses. It includes the use of pesticides and baits.
IPM programs are very useful for solving pest control solutions not just today, but for the future as well. Their integration of a wide variety of sciences, as well as a focus on pest prevention as well as removal, makes it the most effective approach to long-term pest control.
If you are interested in a company that practices IPM, contact Ransford Pest Control today at 508-756-5197.